Literally, Sa’ey means to walk and to run, and as a term in Shari’ah, it means to traverse seven times the distance between Safa and Marwah. For a person who performs Umrah, Sa’ey is Wajib, but before it, one should have performed Tawaf. There is no Sa’ey without Tawaf before it.
Saiee can be spelt as Sai, Sayee or Saiee. The concept of performing saiee is very easy. It is to walk in between mount Safa and mount Marwa 7 times. We may call it seven laps. Some people may misunderstand the concept of “one round or one lap.
One lap means “a trip from one mountain to another”. A lap is not a trip from one mount and back to the same mountain. So, mount Safa to mount Marwa is lap 1. Then mount Marwa to mount Safa is lap 2.
So your laps will be like.
So your Saiee will start from mount Safaa and finish at mount Marwa.
In any case, if you had started with Marwa, your first lap would not be counted. Start counting from Safa; you might need one additional lap to finish it ( Which means if you had started from Marwah, and had done seven laps already, you do one more lap so you will be finishing at Marwah.). In other words, your first lap is invalid. Therefore, it won't be counted.This the ruling of the majority of scholars.
You would start your Saiee laps saying bismillahi Allahu Akbar
When you do Saiee, you will find a green-lighted area. Where you need to run or walk faster reciting a dua.
Istilam at Hajr al Aswad Corner.
It is sunnah to perform an istilam at Hajr al Aswad. Before you proceed to mount Safa.
If Saiee is for the umrah, one should perform it after the tawaf. But if you perform sai’ee, before tawaf without knowledge or by forgetfulness there is no harm.
You must perform it on foot unless you have a valid reason.
To be in the state of Ihram while performing Sa’ey of Umrah.
If Wudu is nullified during Sa’ey, a pilgrim is not required to discontinue performing it as Sa’ey is valid without Wudu and there is no penalty for it.
Keep Niyyat for saiee. Its it important for any act of worship. The Niyyat goes like this.
"Allahumma inni uridu an as’a bainas safaa wal marwata sa’yal umrati lillahi ta'ala"
Before starting lap 1
Raise your hands up at safa facing Kaaba and say
Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar Wa Lilla Hil Hamd.
Then you may recite 4th khalimah and the following dua.
aa 'ilaha 'illallahu wahdahu la sharika lahu, lahul-mulku wa lahul-hamdu wa Huwa 'ala kulli shay'in Qadir, la 'ilaha 'illallahu ilahahu, 'anjaza wa'dahu, wa nasara 'abdahu, wa hazamal 'ahzaba wahdahu.
Then you may recite 3rd kalimah.
SubhanAllahi Walhamdulillahi Wala Ilaha illallahu wallahu Akbar, Wala haula Wala quwwata illa billahil Aliyyul Adheem.
After that, you may recite Salawat (darood) on Prophet Mohammad PBUH and his family. Recite it in a low voice, and you should pray for yourself and your family and friends with due humility and reverence because this too is the holy place where Du’a is accepted and what a person asks for is given.
Start lap1 from mount Saiee and walk to mount Marwa
During the walk, you may recite the second kalimah. And should continue with Du’a and Dhikr in every lap/round.
A brisk walk at the green-lighted area with the Dua
When a pilgrim performing Sa’ey, between Safa and Marwah, reaches the place marked with green pillars, up to a distance of six cubits before and after it, he should start running with medium pace, then again should resume the usual speed. Only men are required to run with a medium pace between the green pillars. The women should walk at their usual pace.
You may recite the following dua in the green-lighted area.
Finish lap 1.
Dua at mount Marwa.
Ask Dua at Marwa facing Kaaba. You can ask any dua s at your wish As long as it is halaal.
Start lap 2 from mount Marwa and walk to Mount Safa.
During your walk, you may recite dikhr or duas, or even ask duas.
A brisk walk at the green-lighted area and recite the dua.
Finish lap 2.
Reach mount Safa face the Kaaba, ask dua as much as you could.
Finish 7 laps like above.
Duas during Saiee
You may recite any duas during Saiee and at Safa , Marwa mountain. As long as it is halal. Recite duas which are found in the Quran and sunnah, or you may recite dhikr or you may ask your own duas and ask for forgiveness.
Interruption of Saiee.
If your Saiee gets interrupted for salah, you must stop after adhan and pray the prayers due and continue Saiee after the prayers. If you feel tired to the extent that you can walk any longer, you may rest and start the Saiee again. But try and finish as fast as you could. If your wudu (ablution) becomes invalid, you may still continue to perform saiee. As the majority of the scholars agree, ablution is not a requirement to perform Saiee.
If you are sick or disable, you are allowed to take assistance in performing Saiee. Assistance can be in the form for the wheelchair or by even physically carrying. The wheelchair could be manually pushed or electrically assisted.
Indeed, Safa and Marwa are among the symbols of Allah. So whoever makes Hajj to the House or performs Umrah – there is no blame upon him for walking between them. And whoever volunteers good – then indeed, Allah is appreciative and Knowing.
In this regard, Sheikh Abdul-Aziz ibn Baz, the late Mufti of Saudi Arabia, stated:
The Sunnah is to perform tawaf first, then to perform sa`i. There is nothing wrong if a person performs sa`i before tawaf due to ignorance. It is reported that a man asked the Prophet and said: “I performed sa`i before tawaf. So what should I do?” The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “Do it and there is no harm.” This indicates that if a person performs sa`i before tawaf, his Hajj is still valid.
The evidence quoted by the majority for it being essential to do sa‘i in the proper order is the fact that the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) did that and said: “I begin with that with which Allah began.” According to a report narrated by an-Nasaa’i he said: “Begin with that with which Allah began,” in the form of a command or instruction. Moreover, he said: “Learn from me your rituals of Hajj.” So we must learn from him and follow him with regard to our rituals, and begin with that with which Allah began, and following that which he (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) did, acting in accordance with the Holy Qur’an. (Adwa’ al-Bayan, 5/250, 251)
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