How to perform Umrah

How to perform umrah? Is a question asked by new hajis or pilgrims. The returning pilgrims might have doubts in performing an umrah. Performing umrah is a very simple procedure .. we will guide you step by step.

I advise you to get to know the landmarks of masjid Al haram . Before we dive in to this topic. Click here.

i Also recommend to read this article before you perform to familiarize with the landmarks of the kaaba.  

This is a step by step guide on how to perform umrah. The topics in red and bold are compulsory. While the topics in blue are sunnah. And Duas and recitation in red are compulsory. While Duas in black are optional you can replace with whatever the Duas you like. These Duas are guidance only. It is recommended to recite Duas directly from quran since these Duas are published by the most professed prophets or chosen people of Allah.

Steps to complete Umrah

1.Purify physically and spiritually
2.Enter the state of ihram
3.Niyyat
4. Enter the meqat
5. recite talbiyah
6. check in your hotel.
7. Enter masjid Al haram
8. First sight of kaaba
9. Perform tawaf
10. Pray two nafls behind maakmu Ibrahim
11. Drink zamzam
12. Perform Sai
13. Clip your hair or shave your hair

Purify your self

Purifying oneself is to purify physically and spiritually. 

Purifying spiritually
how can someone purify himself / herself spiritually? anybody can purify their selves  spiritually by asking for forgiveness and repent. Asking for forgiveness in Islam is to ask Allah for forgiveness sincerely and do not get involved in any sin again. If you are seeking forgiveness for the past and willing to continue a sin then it's not worth it. So seek for forgiveness sincerely. Allah knows the best. May accepted our duas and forgive us All. It is a good practice to ask forgiveness from the people whom you have directory with. Even if you had them with your words.

Purifying physically
Cut your nails. Cut your nail and do not leave anything hanging or protruding. You are not allowed to remove any hair or nail after entering the state of ihram.
Shave or trim your hair and bear if necessary.
Shave your pubic hair if necessary
.
Have complete long shower. Clean yourself well. You can use shower gel or soap but wash thoroughly after using it. You cannot apply perfumed or scented cosmetics after entering the state of ihram.
Oil your hair. It's a sunnah to oil yourself. Make sure the oil is not scented.

Enter the state of ihram

Clothing of Ihram

Enter the state of ihram. Men has to wear two piece of clean unstitched white cloth. You are not allowed to wear ANY garment with stitches. It is permissible to wear a belt over the izar (waist wrapper) in order to keep the waist wrapper and keep money or other belongings. even if it is stitched. 

Woman can wear anything. But not allowed to cover the face or hands below the wrist. Therefore, women are not allowed to wear gloves during the state of ihiram.

It is not permissible to apply for any perfume, scented soap or scented oil after entering the state. 

A person in the state of ihram is called muhrim.

See more details on ihram articles.


Recite the niyyat 

Recite the niyyat just before the month. Niyyat as follows.

 nawaithul umrata wa ahramtu biha lillahi ta'ala.

Enter the meqat

Meeqat is a boundary fixed by prophet  for the umrah and hajj pilgrims. The meqat can differ for the people traveling from different places. You have to be in the state of your name before entering the meeting.

Find out more about it.

Recite Talbiyah

Talbiyah as follows.

• labbaik Allahumma labbaik, • labbaik la sharika laka labbaik • innal hamda wa ni'mata

translation

Lord I am, O Allah! Lord I am; Here I am, there is no partner unto you, Lord I; All praise and favors and sovereignty belong to You, there is no partner to You.

Enter the city of Makkah

Check in your hotel 

It's not a part of Umrah but it's a practical need for everyone to check in the hotel before entering the masjid Al  haram. you  must be in the state of abolition to perform tawaf and sai. So take ablution. Remeber You are in the state of ihram. 

Read things that break the state of ihram

Enter the Masjid Al haram

Recite the following as soon as you reach Masjid Al Haram. Read this article to get familiar with masjid Al haram and read this to know more about kaaba .

After reading the above you are now going to see the kaaba. There is practice to ask a special from Allah at your first sight of Kaaba. Though there is no authenticity related to this. Many Muslims practicing this. But in any case you should only worship Allah and only ask from Allah. 

Remember  you are entering the Masjid two performing Tawaf. If you want to enter the area which is right next to a kaaba on the ground floor or you want to perform tawaf at the first floor.

Ask a Dua at your first sight of Kaaba

it has been a practice to ask for dua or wish at your first sight of kaaba. There is no evidence of any of these practices. But it is Allah's wish and he has invited to the house of Allah. Alhamdulillah. Praise Allah for the opportunity he has given you.

Perform Tawaf

Be familiarized with Kaaba before performing tawaf. Read my Article on kaaba to understand more about  kaaba . you must be familiar with the land marks near kaaba. Take a look at the picture below for reference.

Keep niyyat for performing tawaf. recite "Allahumma inni uridu tawafa baithakal haram tawafal umrati lillahi ta'ala"

Tawaf is to circumambulate around Kaaba for 7 times. Tawaf starts from hajar All aswad and finishes at the same point after circumambulating 7 rounds. This corner will be lighted green and there will be brown floor titles to indicate the corner already. Men must walk fast in the first three rounds. This is called raml. 

Start from the hajr-al-aswad corner point towards hajr al aswad and recite  Bismillahi Allahu Akbar 

you can recite any corner to the yemani corner. The fourth kalima is highly recommended. when you reach yemani corner recite   "rabbana atina fidunya hasanathaw wa fil akhiroti hasanathaw waqina 'adzabannaar"

Start your next round starting from January already aswad corner saying " Bismillahi Allahu Akbar"  and in recite  "Rabbana atina fiddunya hasanah wa fil akhiroti hasanah waqina 'adzabannaar"  between the yemani corner and hajr al aswad corner. 

You will have 7 rounds and finish with reciting  " Bismillahi Allahu Akbar"  at the "hajr al aswad corner.

Pray two rakaths near makaamu Ibrahim

Perform two rakaths behind the make-up Ibrahim. You do not have to pray right behind makaamu ibrahim. Recite suarat al kaafiroon in the first rakatth after the surat al fathiha and Recite suarat al Ikhlas in the second.

Please leave space for the people who are performing tawafs. If you do they may even walk on you because they can't see you during your visit. 

Drink Zamzam

Once you are finished with tawaf drink zamzam water as much as you want. As for the time being the wall is closed for maintenance and to prevent contamination. Therefore it is not visible. There are taps and brown water containers filled with water. Paper cups available near the container. 

note: IF you are prone to catching flu, cough or sore throat avoid drinking cold water.

Perform Sai

Keep niyyat for performing sai. recite "Allahumma inni uridu an as’a bainas safaa wal marwata sa’yal umrati lillahi ta'ala"

Now you have to walk to mount safa to perform Sai. Sai is an act of walking between mount safa to mount marwah 7 times. you will start from mount safa and finish in mount marwa.

Start at Safa and face kaaba

There is a green lighted area where men needs to run or speed walk.

1. Safa to marwa 
2. Marwah to safa 
3. Safa to marwa 
4. Marwah to safa 
5. Safa to marwa 
6. Marwah to safa 
7. Finish from Safa to marwa. 

You may Ask any duas between safa and marwah. And you can ask duas at the mount of safa and marwah too.

Clip your hair 

Alhamdulillah. Your Umrah is complete ..

Recite the following dua.




Hadeeth's related Umrah

Hadith no: 820
Narrated / Authority Of: Nafi
Ibn Umar used to spend the night at Dhi-Tuwa in between the two Thaniyas and then he would enter Mecca through the Thaniya which is at the higher region of Mecca, and whenever he came to Mecca for Hajj or Umra, he never made his she camel kneel down except near the gate of the Masjid (Sacred Mosque) and then he would enter (it) and go to the Black (stone) Corner and start from there circumambulating the Kaaba seven times: hastening in the first three rounds (Ramal) and walking in the last four. On finishing, he would offer two Rakat prayer and set out to perform Tawaf between Safa and Marwa before returning to his dwelling place. On returning (to Medina) from Hajj or Umra, he used to make his camel kneel down at Al-Batha which is at Dhu-l-Hulaifa, the place where the Prophet used to make his camel kneel down.

Hadith no: 821
Narrated / Authority Of: Khalid bin Al-Harith
Ubaidullah was asked about Al Mahassab. Ubaidullah narrated: Nafi said, 'Allah's Apostles, 'Umar and Ibn 'Umar camped there." Nafi added, "Ibn Umar used to offer the Zuhr and Asr prayers at it (i.e. Al-Mahassab)." I think he mentioned the Maghrib prayer also. I said, "I don't doubt about 'Isha' (i.e. he used to offer it there also), and he used to sleep there for a while. He used to say, 'The Prophet used to do the same.' "

Narrated / Authority Of: Zaid bin Jubair
I went to visit 'Abdullah bin Umar at his house which contained many tents made of cotton cloth and these were encircled with Suradik (part of the tent). I asked him from where, should one assume Ihram for Umra. He said, "Allah's Apostle had fixed as Miqat (singular of Mawaqit) Qarn for the people of Najd, Dhul-Hulaifa for the people of Medina, and Al-Juhfa for the people of Sham."

Narrated / Authority Of: Al-Qasim bin Muhammad
'Aisha said, "O Allah's Apostle! You performed 'Umra but I did not." He said, "O 'Abdur-Rahman! Go along with your sister and let her perform 'Umra from Tan'im." 'Abdur-Rahman made her ride over the pack-saddle of a she-camel and she performed 'Umra.

Narrated / Authority Of: Ibn Abbas
The people of Yemen used to come for Hajj and used not to bring enough provisions with them and used to say that they depend on Allah. On their arrival in Medina they used to beg the people, and so Allah revealed, "And take a provision (with you) for the journey, but the best provision is the fear of Allah." (2.197).

Narrated / Authority Of: Ibn Abbas
Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) made Dhul-Huiaifa as the Miqat for the people of Medina; Al-Juhfa for the people of Sham; Qarn-al-Manazil for the people of Najd; and Yalamlam for the people of Yemen; and these Mawaqit are for the people at those very places, and besides them for those who come thorough those places with the intention of performing Hajj and 'Umra; and whoever is living within these boundaries can assume lhram from the place he starts, and the people of Mecca can assume Ihram from Mecca.

Narrated / Authority Of: Ibn Umar
Allah's Apostle used to go (for Hajj) via Ash-Shajara way and return via Muarras way; and no doubt, whenever Allah's Apostle went to Mecca, he used to offer the prayer in the Mosque of Ash-Shajara; and on his return, he used to offer the prayer at Dhul-Hulaifa in the middle of the valley, and pass the night there till morning.

Narrated / Authority Of: Nafi
Whenever Ibn 'Umar intended to go to Mecca he used to oil himself with a sort of oil that had no pleasant smell, then he would go to the Mosque of Al-Hulaita and offer the prayer, and then ride. When he mounted well on his Mount and the Mount stood up straight, he would proclaim the intention of assuming Ihram, and he used to say that he had seen the Prophet doing the same.

Narrated / Authority Of: Abdullah bin Umar
The Talbiya of Allah's Apostles were: 'Labbaika Allahumma labbaik, Labbaika la sharika Laka labbaik, Inna-l-hamda wan-ni'mata Laka walmu Lk, La sharika Laka' (I respond to Your call O Allah, I respond to Your call , and I am obedient to Your orders, you having no partner, I RESPOND to Your call All the praises and blessings are for you, All the sovereignty is for you, and you having no partner with you.

Narrated / Authority of: Nafi
Whenever Ibn 'Umar intended to go to Mecca he used to oil himself with a variety of oil that had no pleasant smell, then he would go to the Mosque of Al-Hulaita and offer the prayer, and then ride. Mount and the Mount stood up straight, it would proclaim the intention of assuming Ihram, and used it to say that he had seen the Prophet doing the same.

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